What is glaucoma

What is glaucoma


What is glaucoma includes a wide range of conditions that they took damage to the optic nerve in the back of the eye as a universal feature the majority of What is glaucoma subtypes include elevated eye pressure above the normal range of 10 to 21 however even though elevated eye pressure is usually present and glaucoma and all I pressure does not always exclude the possibility of glaucoma and an elevated eye pressure does not always mean someone definitively has clicked on the key feature that defines the state of Oklahoma again this progressive damage or deterioration to the optic nerve there are 2 major subtypes of glaucoma open-angle glaucoma and narrow-angle glaucoma the angle of the eyes located in the junction of the cornea the clear surface layer wear contact lenses are born and iris the colored part of the high angle die contains the trabecular meshwork or drains of the eye fluid in the eyes produce behind the iris in a location called the ciliary body for the faucet of the high the food passes through the pupil and feels anterior chamber of the eye between the iris on the cornea before training through the trabecular meshwork which forms a 360-degree band or drains

all-round the angles on this constant production and drainage of fluid within the eye is very important as it provides nutrients to vital structures within the eyes that cannot have blood flow to sing it for a clear media for the eye to see. Any imbalance was either too much fluid is produced by the drain of the eye is not functioning properly could lead to elevated eye pressure and click on and I said are predisposed to narrow angles usually far-sighted women the ice tends to be shorter and more crowded and the distance between the Irish and the cornea is reduced as we get older due to changes in the size and shape of our natural lands which sits behind the iris this distance is further narrowed and all angles considered 30 to 40 degrees when a combination of factors I just mentioned are present this angle can be reduced below the threshold of 20 degrees at which point a person becomes at risk for narrow-angle glaucoma near angle glaucoma can manifest into 4 the first is a chronic form of glaucoma called chronic angle glaucoma where the eye pressure slowly elevates over time as different sections of the angles are narrowed and close off the train and segments over time this leads to a slow rising


Glaucoma treatment

I pressure over time the second and more scary version is acute narrow-angle glaucoma what angle very suddenly closes for 360 degrees due to a combination of internal and external factors leading to severe eye pain headache decreased vision as the eye pressure elevates to as high as 60 this is considered an ophthalmologic emergency and is unfortunately frequently misdiagnosed emergency rooms as migraine or aneurysm whether I may be permanently damaged his diagnosis is delayed past the critical time frame of about 8:00 hours thank goodness this form of near angle glaucoma is very rare the risk is about one percent per year and those that have now and but given the potential for your reversible damage we perform a simple and easy preventable laser called laser peripheral your daughter which takes away the risk of an episode of acute angle-closure glaucoma at a rate of almost 100 percent although laser peripheral in a daughter me does reduce the chance of developing chronic no-angle glaucoma as well. Well by widening the angles die this risk is not completely reduced to 0 so continued regular follow up with your eye doctor is recommended even after the procedure is done to screen for the development of chronic glaucoma that covers near the angle

glaucoma the majority of people with glaucoma Hoffer phone to the broader category called open-angle glaucoma. As the name implies in these cases will come up at all despite the angle of the I. being opened a good an analogy for open-angle glaucoma swing your kitchen sink gets clogged by very small floating debris over time Tom multiple forms of open-angle glaucoma in In the United States the most common form of open-angle glaucoma is primary open angle glaucoma this form of glaucoma may or may not be a hereditary common risk factors for this kind of Kokomo art cage Kokomo is more common as we get older with 10 percent of the population, either having or being suspicious for primary open-angle glaucoma by age 80 races another risk factor it tends to happen somewhat more frequently in African Americans and people of Hispanic or native American descent but it's relatively common in all ethnicity family history is a risk factor people with a first

degree relative with glaucoma have about a 15 to 20 percent chance of developing glaucoma can corneas is another risk factor people within corneas have an increased risk of glaucoma this is a measurement called the chemistry that can be performed by most eye doctors being nearsighted or having my opium is another risk factor nearsighted people have an increased risk of open-angle glaucoma relative to far-sighted people or those who don't need classes before the age of 40 the most important risk factor is high pressure most frequently people with open-angle glaucoma present with high eye pressure this is the biggest risk factor and any time a patient has pressures above 21 further work up an examination is required to check for Oklahoma it is important to note here that there is a special subset of primary open-angle glaucoma patients who do not have elevated eye pressure and yet still present with the same progressive optic nerve damage seen in other forms of click on this subtype of glaucoma this call normal tension for normal pressure local although it could happen in anyone these patients tend to be middle-aged women and may also have.


What is glaucoma


The history of migraine headaches Raynaud's phenomenon where the fingertips turn white or blue in the cold low blood pressure or blood vessel or other vascular disorders where blood flow to the ice may be partially compromised. Although less common than high-pressure glaucoma normal-tension glaucoma is common enough to warrant regular checkups with your eye doctor where they either dilate your eyes for taking a picture of her optic nerves to look for any evidence of damage and highlight the fact that I pressure measurement alone is not adequate to catch all forms of cool calm the other 2 somewhat common secondary subtypes of glaucoma our student's foliation glaucoma no common people of Scandinavian or European descent and pick one of the special, more common in younger nearsighted patients both of these involvement being released into the ice and physical blockage of the trabecular meshwork or drain of the eye with this material if your eye doctor suspects you may have any of the above-mentioned forms of glaucoma they cat scratch fever


Types of glaucoma

will likely refer you to an Oklahoma specialist to discern which type of glaucoma may be present and to recommend the appropriate treatment although go calmness of potentially blinding disease with the current treatments we have available we can almost always harder process and protect our glaucoma patients from losing vision let's discuss some glaucoma treatments the good news about glaucoma as we approach the third decade of the 20 first century is that in addition to the amazing diagnostic technologies we have available to catch the disease in its early stages there are multiple excellent treatment options available with other promising treatments on the horizon just 50 years ago the rate of legal blindness from glaucoma was as high as 50 percent today with patient compliance and the treatment options available that the rate has been reduced to about 5 percent of course the specific type of treatment indicated should be individualized to the needs of each patient under the care of a competent court, specialist let's briefly review some of the treatments available to reduce eye pressure in glaucoma the first is medical therapy there are currently 4 classes of eye drops available for prescription in the United States, each has its own risks and benefits the purpose.

It means that their use needs to be determined by a content hi doctor I'm very spaced on a specific patients overall condition the second treatment choice is SLT laser this is a very safe quick and pain-free in-office procedure or laser energy is applied directly to the trabecular meshwork this laser helps open the drain of the eye over a 6 week period 3 not fully understood mechanism, it is effective in 75 percent of patients and lowers eye pressure between 20 and 30 percent with a duration of action of one to 5 years is repeatable in the future if necessary and does not cause any permanent damage or laser burns in the US given the potential long term side effects costs and inconvenience associated with eye drops and medications, SLT has become the first-line option in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma as very tangible benefits over medications and frequently can be used as a standalone treatment for glaucoma making the use of eye drops are unnecessary it can also be combined with eye drops in cases where stronger treatment regimens are necessary your eye doctor can determine if you are a good candidate for SLT rates the third treatment option is minimally invasive glaucoma surgery or in recent years most when you mix procedures have been made available in the

surgeries can be performed standalone procedures or in combination with cataract surgery ideology, we are proud to be on the cutting edge of these newer technologies and offer our patients the widest range the latest makes procedures available these include there's an implant express front side pass implant I stent implant whether you are a good candidate for these procedures should only be determined by a qualified glaucoma specialist the fourth treatment class is the traditional incisional glaucoma surgeries in certain cases work will commence very advanced very light pressure is required or if other treatments have failed. Traditional glaucoma surgery maybe required these procedures include a trabecular demi and 2 percent implantation they carry more risk than the other forms of treatment I mentioned but also have the potential to lower the intraocular pressure to very low levels which may be required in some situations only a competent court call a specialist should determine the right kind of surgical intervention when you come to your clinic visit for glaucoma valuation you can expect the following protocol first our front office staff will have you fill out relevant paperwork and medical history questionnaire you also be given the option of filling these forms in advance

through email, once you're fully checked in at the technician will take you to our testing room wherein a CT scan of the optic nerve will be obtained this test measures the health of the optic nerve and has become the gold standard structural screening tool to diagnose school calls in certain cases a visual field tests which measure your performance and may also be performed from there the technician will walk you over to one of her examination lanes where they will measure your vision corneal thickness and I pressure the glaucoma specialists will then go over your history and perform a thorough exam to determine if you have glaucoma which type of glaucoma maybe present and what the best treatment would be in your specific situation. health tips 

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